Diwali-A Festival of Lights


Diwali-Festival of Lights: Among Hindus of India Diwali is the biggest festival, which is celebrated with great happiness and enthusiasm, continuously for five days, Dhanavantari Triodasi is also called Dhan Theras is the first day of Diwali. Narak Chaturdasi is called the second day. The main Diwali is celebrated on the third day as the Festival of Lights. People light up diyas, candles and electric colorful lights in their homes, offices, shops, religious places, business houses and bazaars all around on this auspicious day. Colorful varieties of different fireworks are associated with this festival. Laxmi Puja is performed in the evening and divine blessings are seek ed of the Goddess of the Wealth.  Without exchange of gifts Diwali is never complete. Diwali gifts are presented among all the near and dear ones, has been an important ritual of the festival. The love and affection is acknowledged with this exchange of gifts. This ritual is done after the pujan and before the crackers and lit, there has been a type of competition for the more number of gifts and for best of all. The fourth day is called as Goverdhan Pooja day and people worship cows. On the fifth day Bhai Duj is celebrated. It is totally dedicated to sisters.


Amavasya is perfect day for Diwali: The position of the moon decides the exact day of the festival every year.  On Amavasya or no moon day, according to Hindu calendar is considered to be the perfect day for the celebration of Diwali. Every fortnight Amavasya the dark night but of it is in the month of Kartik, this dark day is marked for the festival of lights. This festival generally comes as per English calendar in the month of November and December. The festival is reckoned with the victory of Lord Rama’s as the King of Ayodhya over Ravana the King of Lanka and return to his kingdom after fourteen years of exile along with his brother Laxman and his wife Sita. The festival is celebrated to welcome their Lord Rama, Maa Sita and Veer Laxman after exile. Darkness of lies is lighted by the lights of truth.


Diwali celebration: The widely celebrated Diwali festival is different in various states and regions of India related to the ancient story of how Diwali is evolved. Particularly in North India in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana and the areas of its surroundings, Diwali is the day of coronation of King Rama in Ayodhya after his epic war with the demon King of Lanka, Ravana. The far flung boundaries of the kingdom of Ayodhya and Mithila, Sita was the princess of this kingdom and nearby cities were lit up with the glittering rows of lamps on the dark night to welcome home their King and Queen. The torans of mango leaves and marigolds are hung on the doorways, rangolis with the different colors of powders and flowers are drawn to welcome the guests. The symbol of good luck is linked with the traditional motifs. Most popular tradition of Diwali is filling little clay lamps with oil and cotton wick, lighting them and are arranged around and in the house, for this the name of Diwali is Deepawali ‘a row of lamps’. The jewelry for the women of the house is also purchased on this day both of gold and silver, it is auspicious to buy metallic. Some utensil for the house are also purchased, these are traditional and symbols of good luck. Whatever legends and fables may be behind the tradition and celebrations of the Deepawali, people wear new clothes, buy jewelry, exchange sweets and gifts. Greeting cards are mailed. Parties are also arranged in the houses. It has been the biggest annual consumer spree as the sweets, gifts and fireworks are shopped by each and every family in India. This projects the glorious and rich past of our country and teaches that the true values of life be upheld. Many legends and religious accounts are associated with Diwali. The lights signifies the driving away of darkness and ignorance, awakening of light within ourselves. For family gathering it is the perfect time to take foods, celebration and pooja, the major role in the festival is of Goddess Laxmi, as Sita & Ram. To welcome the Goddess Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, to indicate her long awaited arrival, with rice flour and vermilion powder small footprints are drawn and people wait awakening all the night. The houses are kept clean, white washed and painted. All through night the lamps are kept burning, to welcome the Goddess Laxmi.  For the best time of the Pooja, a pandit is consulted. The suparis, paan leaves, uncooked rice, mithaai, kumkum for tilak, agarbattis, camphor, dry fruit, Lakshmi-Ganesh idols, flower petals and Gold or silver coins for the puja are the required general things. In the evening the pooja is performed to drive away the shadows of evil spirits. The Diwali pooja is the combined pooja of five deities: as Vighnaharta at the beginning of every auspicious act of Hindus Ganesha is worshipped, Three forms of Goddess are worshipped, the Goddess of wealth, money and prosperity, the goddess of education, books and learning is Mahasaraswati, and Mahakali. Kuber is also worshipped for the treasurer of the Gods.


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