Christmas Cookies: Traditional the Christmas cookies are sugar cookies and biscuits of the flavors based on the individual preferences and family traditions, given shapes as related to Christmas. The history of cookies can be traced from the Medieval Europe biscuits, when introduced into the west many modern ingredients were added to these such as ginger, cinnamon, almonds, black pepper and dried fruits. Across all the Europe the Christmas biscuits had become very popular in sixteenth century, in Sweden papparkakor, in Germany lebkuchen and in Norway krumkake were popular. In the seventeenth century early Christmas cookies were brought by the Dutch in the United States. A change in import laws was done between 1871 and 1906 because a wide range of cookies were imported from Germany, cookies cutters were available in US markets. To hang on the Christmas trees cookie cutters depict the stylish designs. Recipes got the place in the cookbooks, due to the availability of cookie cutters designed to use them. Since the 1930’s in US, most of the people use the cookies and children have left the milk and cookies for Christmas Eve and Santa Claus. The shape of the cookies is given as those of reindeer, candy canes and holly leaves. In Norway, Fattigmann cookies are traditional from the Middle ages, which are deep fried in unsalted fat.
Famous cookies- Gingerbread: Gingerbread cookies brought to Europe by the soldiers from Crusades. Gingerbread cookies were primarily associated with Christmas since Queen Victoria and Prince Albert with a variety of other Christmas traditions included gingerbread cookies also. Krumkake are also the century’s old Christmas cookies in Norway. While the modern cooks are using stove top and electric irons to bake the wafer thin biscuits whereas originally cookies were baked over open fires with decorative irons. The cone shaped cookies are named after taking the 1st bite, the crumbles left in your hand. Pepparkakor-are the thin and crisp gingersnap biscuits from Sweden cut in heart and flower traditional shapes. Pfeffernusse are in use from medieval times originated in Scandinavia exclusively used in holiday baking. Reposteria-are mostly served with coffee or hot spiced Mexican chocolate and are lightly baked, short bread like cookies and dipped in sugar, cinnamon until it surrounds the cookies.
Springerle: For the centuries in Austria and Bavaria Springerle are used as the traditional Christmas cookies. These cookies are simple shaped mostly in rectangles and circles, are made from egg flour sugar dough, flavored with anise. Designs are shaped and pressed as pictures with specially carved presses or rolling pins into soft dough. If the cookies are to be used as decoration, after baking the cookies are colored. Sugar cookies – are called as Amish or Nazareth Sugar cookies. The Moravians created the modern sugar cookies, from Germany during the mid eighteenth century they settled in Nazareth area. Nazareth cookies were adopted as official state cookie by Pennsylvania in 2001. Chocolate chip cookies are the drop cookies originated in US, the distinguished ingredients are the chocolate chips. It is combined dough of both white and brown sugar, butter and with semi sweet chocolate chips. The other ingredients are also included with other types of chocolate, such are nuts or oatmeal. Florentine Biscuit- Into a caramel disc setting of nuts and candied cherries are used to make Italian biscuit named as Florentine Biscuit, at the bottom the biscuit is coated with dark chocolate or other types of candied fruits are also used.Share