Guru Nanak Dev Jayanti
Sikhism is a religion which practiced the teachings of equality and universal brotherhood. Above all Sikhism preached the teaching hard work. Sikhism came into existence with the birth of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the first guru of Sikhs in the year 1469. Sikhism is a religion which discarded the worships of idols. There are ten gurus in Sikh religion. And after tenth guru, Shri Guru Granth Sahib is baptized as the ultimate Guru of Sikhs. Sikhs are restricted from worshiping any human guru, after Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is baptized to the position and rank of Guru. The ten gurus of Sikh religion are:
- Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first guru of Sikhs and is considered to be as the founder of Sikh religion.
- Shri Guru Angad Dev Ji is believed to be the second manifestation of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, and is considered as the second guru of Sikhs.
- Shri Guru Amar Das Ji is considered to be as the third Guru of Sikhs.
- Shri Guru Ram Das Ji is considered to be as the fourth guru of Sikhs.
- Shri Guru of Arjun Dev Ji is the fifth Guru of Sikhs, and is also known as the king of martyrs.
- Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji is the sixth of Guru of Sikhs.
- Shri Guru Har Rai Ji is the seventh Guru of Sikhs.
- Shri Guru Harkrishan Ji is the seventh guru of Sikhs, and is the youngest of all the gurus.
- Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji is the ninth of Guru of Sikhs.
- Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji is the tenth Guru of Sikhs. He gave new shape to the Sikh religion by establishing Khalsa Panth in the year 1699 and made five K’s (Kanga(comb), Kesh(hair),kada(round metal ornament), kirpan(small sword)and kachera(underwear of special type) ) an obligation for all the Sikhs and transformed Sikhs to a community of Lions.
Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Birth And Early Life
Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikh religion took birth on 14th April 1469, now celebrated as the Prakash Divas at Rai Bhoi de Talwandi, now known as Nankana Sahib at Lahore in Pakistan. Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s father Mehta Kalyan Das Bedi, generally known by the name of Mehta Kalu was a patwari at Talwandi. Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s mother was Tripta Devi and had one elder sister Bebe Nanki. Right form the early days of his childhood, Guru Sahib has keen interest in the divine power. Guru Sahib’s childhood was full of various miracles including that of Ra Bular, when he witnessed a cobra shielding the head of the sleeping Nanak to keep him away from the scorching heat of the sun. There are many more such miracles that Guru Sahib performed during his childhood days.
Marriage And Family
Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji discarded the importance of living ascetic life for achieving spiritual light. According to Guru Sahib, Spiritualism can even be achieved while leading a family life. And Guru Sahib himself was a living example of this. At the age of 19, Guru Sahib got married to Mata Sulakhni at Batala. Guru Sahib had two sons Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand.
Foundation Of Sikhism And Travels
Rai Bular Bhatti was the first to recognize the divine powers of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. In the year 1499, Guru Sahib failed to return from his ablutions, and Guru Sahib was believed to be drowned in the local stream Kali Bein. Three days after disappearing in the river, Guru Sahib reappeared and gave the pronouncements that God is neither Hindu nor Muslim; God is one divine power that has no religion. From that onwards Guru Sahib’s pronouncements are taken as the pronouncements of Guru and from that moment Sikhism began.
Guru Sahib made four journeys during his life time known as Udasi spanning several thousand kilometers. His first journey was towards east covering Bengal and Assam, the second one towards Tamil Nadu, the third was towards Kashmir, Ladakh and Tibet, and fourth one towards Baghdad, Mecca, Madina and The Arabian Peninsula. Meanwhile, in Mecca Guru Sahib made Kazi realize that God is present everywhere when he was questioned when he was found sleeping with feet’s towards Mecca.
In the last years of his life Guru Sahib tested the devotion of his sons and finally baptized Bhai Lehna as the second Guru of Sikhs and gave them the name Angad Dev. After that Guru Sahib left for the heavenly adobe on 15 September, 1539 at Kartarpur Sahib.
Guru Sahib gave the teachings of love, equality and universal brotherhood to the whole world. Guru Sahib’s teachings can be divided into three categories:
- Naam Japna- Chant the name of God and heartily devotion in every second of our life
- Kirat Karo- Living an honest life without any exploitation or fraud.
- Vand Chako- Sharing with others and helping the poor and needy.
The birthday of Guru Sahib has been celebrated as Gurpurv in Sikhism. One day before the birth day of Guru Sahib, a procession lead by Panj Pyaras and Shri Guru Granth Sahib followed by the pilgrims. They are followed by the team of singers, band group, and gatka teams followed by devotees singing hymns.
On the day of Gurpurv the day begins with gurbani, kathas and Kirtan. Whole day people carry out Kirtan Darbars and Langar sewa at gurudwaras sahib and various other places.Share