Self esteem rises with age: According to a study made by Ulrich Orth from University of Basel, Kali H. Trzesniewski from University of Western Ontario and Richard W. Robins from University of California, Davis self esteem rises steadily as age of people increases but it starts declining when they get nearby retirement age. It was study made on the men and women of age between 25 and 104 years. Ulrich Orth said that self esteem is directly linked to the better health and it is high when person is has no or lower depression or they are successful in life. It was found in the study that self esteem was lowest among the young adults while it increases as they grow old and reaches at its peak at age of 60 years. After age of 60, self esteem starts declining in most of the cases. Results of the study were published in the latest issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Study and survey: Results of self esteem are based on the study made on 3, 617 adults of United States which includes 62 percent females. Study was made four times in years 1986, 1989, 1994 and 2002 and conclusion is taken out from all the data. Researchers asked question from the participants to measure their self esteem. Questions were simple statements which people were asked whether they agree with those points or not. Statement I take a positive attitude towards myself shows that person has high self esteem while self esteem is low when people find that they are not good at all or they are failure in life. It was found in the study that women had lower self esteem as compared to men throughout most of their adulthood while when men and women reaches in 80s and 90s, self esteem levels converges.
Factors affecting self esteem: During the survey questions were asked from people about their education, income, relationship status, ethnicity, health, social support, marital status and stressful even if they have faced in their life like some accidental death in family whether parent or of a child. Some other examples of stressful events like losing a job suddenly or being victim of violent crime which affected the life. In the survey researchers found that people who have the higher incomes and better health in later life have a tendency to maintain their self esteem as their age increases. Ulrich Orth told that they cannot know for sure that more wealth and better health directly leads to higher self esteem while according to study it is clear that these factors are linked in one or the other way in improving self esteem of an individual. Ulrich Orth explained with an example that it is possible that people who have wealth and health have feeling of od more independence and they can contribute better towards their family. Such people can also behave better in society which boosts their self esteem. According to university press release, people who are in satisfying and supportive relationships have more tendencies towards higher self esteem.Share